The main scientific works are connected with research on
applied gas dynamics, hydrodynamics and space aerodynamics.
The academician, winner of Stalin award, Hero of Socialist Labor,
cavalier of three Lenin's orders and other orders and medals.
"Do not lose capacity to surprised."
G. I. Petrov
Georgy I. Petrov was born on May 31 (by old chronology)
in city Pinega of the Archangelsk province.
From 1930 to 1935 he is a student of the
mechanic-mathematical faculty of the Moscow State University
and then starts to work in laboratory of TsAGI
(Central Aero-Hydrodynamic Institute),
supervised by academician S. A. Chaplygin.
There he is engaged in different problems of aerodynamics
and hydrodynamics. In 1938 and 1940 he published the famous
works connected with application the Galerkin method
to the investigation of hydrodynamic instability problems.
They become classics of this theory and used method
During World War II Petrov works in the field of
improving of aerodynamics and battle characteristics
of national airplanes. These researches have found
operational use in battle fighters Yak-3 and La-5.
In 1944 he changed place of work for NII-1
(Scientific Research Institute-1) where he worked
under supervising of M. V. Keldysh.
He headed the department where the problems
of an effective deceleration of a supersonic
flow in inlet diffusers of air-reactive engines
were investigated. He won the Stalin premium of 1-st degree
in 1949 for these achievements.
In 1952 G. I. Petrov heads research group in NII-1
for investigation of heat transfer and thermal shield
of bodies moving in atmosphere with high supersonic fields.
These works were conducted together with scientists of
S. P. Korolev and S. A. Lavochkin
design offices. Under Petrov's supervision in NII-1
the unique experimental base was built. This base allowed
receiving the data necessary for thermal shield of
thirst space vehicles descent.
In 1953 he is elected by corresponding member
and in 1958 - member of USSR academy of science.
In 1961 for special merits in development in missile
industry and creation spacecraft "Vostok"
used in 1961 for first man flight to space
he was awarded by Hero of Socialist Labor.
In 1966 by recommendation of academician
M. V. Keldysh G. I. Petrov becomes
the first director of Institute of space researches.
The position of the director of such research institute
was nomenclature and assigning of it the non-party academician
was and unprecedented fact. In this position he worked 8 years.
At his participation the programs for investigation
of Moon, Venus and Mars were designed and realized.
G. I. Petrov has based the scientific school.
Many of his collaborators became doctors of science,
members of different academies and have created their own
scientific schools. Since 1955 and up to his last days
he headed chair aeromechanics and gas dynamics at mechanics
and mathematics department of Moscow State University.
He was founder and main editor of journal
"Izvestiya Akad. Nauk SSSR. Mekhanika zhidkosti i gaza".
He supervised several scientific seminars.
He inspirer and organizer of
Winter School of Moscow State University
on non-linear problems of the theory of hydrodynamic stability
which one continues to operate
already in status of international conference.